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please comment below or email [email protected] i can send you a digital copy.) First, some of my sources you may enjoy looking into further if this matter interests you deeply–most of you might want to scroll past: Franks, Kenny A., and Lambert, Paul F. Cloud, Minnesota, throughout the 1860s, when asked about how applications for scrip were made: “The half-breeds claiming to be entitled to land usually came to the office and stated that they wished to apply for land under the treaty. 2 (Spring/Sum, 2016; #38): Musings on Mattole Trees; brief description of building project progress, with floor plan. But it’s also possible that Gates is confusing our William Smith Chapman with the W. There were other people named as “Johnson” in Mattole oil history; one was D. Johnson, who came from Pennsylvania but did not arrive until late in the decade, and the other, Charles A. But that’s just an interesting thing to know, i think– that there was once a house on the south bank of Davis Creek, probably up against the hillside on the east side of the road, though i can’t tell if it would have been down on the flat close to the creek or on the little plateau above that.[re: the 1854 La Pointe, WI, treaty] including the Report of the Commission appointed by the Secretary of the Interior, April 21, 1871, composed of Henry S. They usually came with some person who did their talking for them. Unless there was an appearance that they clearly were not entitled, I usually filled out their applications for them, and administered the oath that was required to their witnesses, and in due time sent the applications to the Department [Dept. Johnston, whose name is persistently misspelled without the “T” but who likewise was not in the Mattole area of 1865. Johnson, and he probably had the house at the mouth of Davis Creek. Here are the two maps that wouldn’t fit into the newsletter, showing more of the Chippewa scrip claims in, first, 1N, 3W–these seven patents were issued in May of 1870: … Nolin in Section 34 at Upper Mattole: Below is a photo circulating around Metis websites of “Five of the Earliest Indian Inhabitants of St. Marie to us, and the men were Metis, not strictly Native, though adopted into the Ojibway tribe.Before you feel badly that these people were eventually discovered as non-entitled and had their scrip-provided patents cancelled, remember that they wouldn’t have gotten the land anyway; they maybe got 25 cents or 50 cents an acre for the right to it, when a lawyer bought Power of Attorney from them. 304) Do you know whether it was the custom to make purchase of the rights of the half-breeds after they had made their applications and before they were approved at Washington? Though the question directed to him concerned Chippewa scrip redeemed for land in the Mount Diablo meridian, i think we can assume this was the stand he took regarding all his scrip purchases: “I am forty-five years of age. and agreed to pay for the same from one and a quarter to two and a half dollars per acre. the value of which lands, respectively, I believe to be therein as stated. All you ever are likely to want to know about how both the U. Government and the half-breeds of Minnesota, Wisconsin, etc., were defrauded. It began when i spied the books recording Powers of Attorney, after seeing on some of the sales of Indian land that they were sold “by” thus-and-such “half-breed” by (or via) their attorney-in-fact, whose name would be that of one of the bigwigs mentioned in James W. An “attorney-in-fact” is someone who has acquired Power of Attorney for another party, and legally acts in that person’s stead. and to ask, demand, recover, and receive all sums of money which shall become due and owing to me by reason of the Sale of the Real Estate aforesaid. However, meantime, as ever, Bob Stansberry has been quietly working on a unique project.A: “I think it was the general practice.” Now comes William S. I have lived in Nevada and California during the last nine years. I obtained the said scrip in good faith, never having heard the regularity and legality of its issue questioned before the location of that class of scrip was suspended by order of the General Land-Office in the year 1871.” Sworn before a Notary Public by Wm. Instead of typing up the excerpts here though, i will list the pages of the references i found most relevant to our angle on the matter; but first, here is a web address to bring you to the same version i am looking at: https://books.google.com/books? At first, browsing through Book A of the P of A’s, I saw many of the by-now familiar Chippewa and Sioux names, French-sounding names, giving P of A to a Jno. Giving unto my said Attorney full power to do and perform everything necessary to be done in the premises with the additional authority to substitute one under him with like power.” This was on Dec. 2 (December, 2011; #34): Petrolia Pioneer Cemetery-A Guide to the Burials; Leah Kausen obituary. It’s a map of old homesteads, cabins, and other places of significance in his neck of the woods, which is between Honeydew and Ettersburg. Van Etten told me to sign the paper, but did not explain it to me.’ ” Van Etten is the man who witnessed the Power of Attorney being granted to E. He also witnessed for many Chippewa, including many on our Mattole-area scrip patents (Massey, Brunelle, Folstrom), handing over Power of Attorney to Thomas R. Van Etten was an attorney and investor in pine forests to feed Minnesota’s booming lumber industry, and used some of the scrip he managed to procure for himself for personal enrichment via that pine timber. Now, this explanation of the son-in-law on the Sioux commission and the brother being a deputy surveyor in Humboldt sounds like a pretty convenient way to explain Chapman’s ease in abusing the scrip. But this 1865 map, part of which appears on the front page of our current newsletter, shows something that was cut off there: A dot labelled “Johnson’s House” in the northwest quarter of Section 13 (T1S, R3W, Humboldt Meridian)–just south of the mouth of Davis Creek. It is likely the place and the person mentioned in two of Henderson’s 1865 journal entries: on March 4, he says, “Johnson arrives from San Francisco,” and on March 22, “Hastings arranging to locate the property (…? Conklin, had related that “A company in San Francisco has purchased some of the [oil] springs and I believe some land also. 46) swears that ‘I was a married woman September 30, 1854; that I made application for scrip under the treaty of September 30, 1854, made at La Pointe, Wisconsin, through Isaac Van Etten; that I never saw the scrip, but was told by Van Etten that the scrip was worthless; that it could only be laid on some land around Lake Superior, on which I would have to pay taxes, and thereby induced me to sell it to him for .’ ” That’s for scrip worth 80 acres of land. 32) swears: ‘I applied through Isaac Van Etten, about seven years ago, and have never received either land, scrip, or money, nor do I know that any scrip was ever issued. Hastings by some of our recipients of local land in 1864. Continuation of death notices, now a standard newsletter feature. Chapman’s brother was deputy surveyor in the Humboldt district and through his control of the maps and knowledge of the best timbered sections was able to secure the lands with the best stumpage, as was pointed out by a rival.” The rival was A. Mc Pherson, who is mentioned in Henderson’s journal and in several of the government reports and investigations into the scrip fraud. We’ll get back to these sources and the investigation in a little bit. A letter in the of June 11, 1864, from Mattole’s Judge Moses J.

As early as 1856, concerned public servants had fretted about the potential for abuse of the scrip. Hendricks, Commissioner at the General Land Office, wrote ( p. 4 (Spring, 2017; #40): Mattole Lumber Co.; list of Mattole deaths since mid-2003; Mattole Hole microclimate, by Ken Young. However, my research on so far does not bear out these kinship claims. ) of 1S, 3W Johnson purchase.” Who is this Johnson? A gentleman named Johnson, who is versed in such matters, has been looking at the springs and making enquiries. [This essay, not available on amazon nor, with reasonable searching, online in its entirety, i found excerpted in the handwriting of Martha Beer Roscoe. The paper copies were mailed Monday, July 22, and emailed .pdf’s were sent out mid-week.of the Interior/Indian Affairs, or General Land Office? No decision of the merits of the case was made at the local office, but left wholly for the Department at Washington.” Perhaps this is a sort of answer to how this abuse managed to slip by. 1 (Autumn, 2015; #37): Johnny Kazipp; End of the oil boom, by Nicole Log. Although there are various versions of the order of the names, Louis Cadotte is probably one of the two men on the left.The people usurping the rights of legitimate scrip recipients were trusted by the Washington authorities to have allowed only worthy applications to be passed on to the federal gov’t; at what point Washington figured out that something fishy was going on, i don’t know, but hundreds of scrip certificates had been issued by then. These P of A documents were hand-copied versions of agreements signed in Minnesota, but registered here, i suppose, to legitimize land business done in Humboldt County. Here’s a reversal of the usual pattern of the illiterate “half-breed” giving his rights to an attorney; it’s Thomas A. If this is the Louis Cadotte who was issued Chippewa Scrip to Mattole-area land–and his other connections make me believe this is possible, if not likely–then he briefly held title to some steep land just north of Domingo Creek.The “fishy business” was really on two levels: first, in order to get the numbers of scrip patents the businessmen really wanted for their timber (or in our area, oil) claims, many half-breeds or Indians of questionable eligibility were recruited to sign up for scrip. 337, 346-47 (this section especially concerning William S. Scott himself, of Philadelphia, a very busy man, appointing Samuel L. 4 (Spring, 2015; #36): ‘Colorful Characters of Yesteryear’ (murderers and fugitives in Mattole history); Punta Gorda light station burning; Roger Brown. Just to give a little more of a picture of the players in this episode of history.

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