The dating of the new testament
Note that it is popular among certain Bible scholars to discount the patristic tradition as a matter of course and rely only on the biblical texts themselves to determine questions of authorship and dating. Textual criticism of the New Testament can be problematic because it lends itself very strongly to non-conclusive arguments that depend more on the assumptions of the critic than the text. His preserved writings argue primarily against the Gnostics, a heretical splinter group. They frequently describe the same events, have events in the same order, and use the same wording in a way that implies written dependence rather than oral dependence. This is a critical piece upon which the reliability of the New Testament rests. I also used bits and pieces of various web sources, such as that of Glenn Davis and Mahlon H.  In oral cultures, oral traditions are stable in a way that can be surprising to those who have not experienced such traditions. "Informal Controlled Oral Tradition and the Synoptic Gospels," Themelios 20.2 (1995) for a fascinating and informative look into current middle-eastern oral culture.There are exceptions to this, but those exceptions are uncommon. Because of the theme of this writing, he spent more time discussing sources than most writers of this era. Understanding the source of these similarities is referred to as the synoptic problem. For the most part, later sections will rely on the Gospels because this is where almost all the sayings and actions of Jesus are, and Acts, because it focuses on the early history of the church. __________  My sources for this section and its subsections are Donald Guthrie, New Testament Introduction, Raymond E. However, it is not as surprising when we realize that oral cultures contain the entire wisdom and history of their people in oral form, so much care is employed. The writings of the church fathers are referred to as "the tradition" or as "patristic sources" in most discussions of this subject. All information from after this time either depends on earlier available sources or is suspect because we are unable to determine what the earlier sources are.
In order to be able to use the patristic traditions to glean information, we must have a clear understanding of how their traditions changed with time.Each retelling can be either oral or written. With each retelling, there are a certain number of mistakes made. Because each witness tells many of the next generation of witnesses, and each make different mistakes, there becomes many different, though related, traditions.The more important a tradition is, the more stable it is, because people are more careful when they give and receive it.It is dated because the author refers to the recent episcopate of Pius I of Rome, who died in A. That is to say, for passages that are in all three Gospels, Matthew agrees with Mark and Luke agrees with Mark much more than Matthew agrees with Luke against Mark. The second and third were written by the presbyter, which may or may not have been John, (A. Both Matthew and Luke agree with each other, however, on content that is not in Mark. The first was written by John the apostle, likely with the assistance of an amanuensis, (A.